What happened in the world on a day like today? Check out the femerides of July 11 | WORLD

In a but in 1971, the Chilean National Congress approved the constitutional reform that allowed the nationalization of copper mining, ratified days later by President Salvador Allende.


1533.- Clement VII excommunicates the king Henry VIII of Englandafter invalidating his marriage with Catherine of Aragon to marry Anne Boleyn and breaks with Rome.

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1893.- Jose Santos Celaya leads the Liberal revolution which brings him to power in Nicaragua after the arrest of the president Salvador Machado.

1917.- William II implants in Prussia he Universal suffragethrough direct and secret vote.

1924.- He Norwegian Government change the name of the capital Christiania by that of Oslo.

1935.- The Constituent Assembly of Guatemala extends the mandate of the president for six years, general Jorge Ubico.

1936.- He German Reich recognizes the complete independence of Austria.

1940.- The French National Assembly gives full powers to the marshal Philippe Pétain and fixed Vichy as the seat of Government and Parliament.

1952.- Nearly nine hundred Allied planes bomb Pyongyang and other supply centers and a railway line.

1954.- The boss of the Paraguayan Army, Alfredo Stroessnerwins the presidential elections and stars in a dictatorship until 1989.

1957.- He Aga Khan IV becomes the magnet of the Ismaili Muslims.

1962.- First satellite broadcast from the Telstar 1with the transmission of an American flag from Androverin Maine (USA), to Pleumeur-Bodou (France).

1969.- The British singer David Bowie releases the theme ‘Space Oddity‘, days before that Neil Armstrong stepped on the Moon.

1971.- The Mexican pilot of Formula 1 Pedro Rodriguez de la Vega dies in an accident in the ‘200 Miles from Nuremberg‘, in Germany.

1972.- It begins at Reykjavik he World Chess Championship between the defender Boris Spasskyof the USSRand the American candidate Bobby FischerFischer was crowned champion on September 1, becoming the first American to do so.

1973.- 124 of the occupants of a plane die Boeing 707 of Varig in the forced landing near the Paris airport Orly.

1975.- The general strike called by CGT causes the fall of Argentine Government. The president, Isabel Peronaccepts the wage demands and his minister Jose Lopez Rega leave the country.

.- The discovery of more than 7,000 sculptures is announced Terracotta Warriors of Xi’an (China), found a year earlier.

1978.- 215 people die and 67 others are injured when a bomb explodes truck with propylene in front of the campsite ‘The Alfaques‘, in the Tarragona town of Alcanar (east of Spain).

1982.- Italy He wins World Cup footballl by beating the final RFA (3-1), at the stadium Santiago Bernabeu of Madrid.

1983.- All 119 occupants of an Ecuadorian plane die TAME that crashes near Basin.

1991.- A total solar eclipse leaves a strip of 250 kilometers wide by 10,000 long in darkness, from the Hawaiian Islands until Brazil.

.- The 261 occupants of a plane die Nigerian plane Shortly after taking off from Jeddah (Saudi Arabia).

1992.- He General Synod of the Anglican Church approves that the women can exercise the priesthood.

nineteen ninety five.- Eight thousand eight hundred people are killed in Srebrenicaa Bosnian town with a Muslim majority, by the Serbo-Bonians of the general Ratko Mladic.

2000.- Thirty heads of state unanimously approve Lomé (Togo) the creation of the African Union.

.- The Peruvian military justice condemns life imprisonment to Ernestina HinostrozaComrade Marcia‘, political command of Shining Path.

2001.- Calm restored in Kingston (Jamaica) after three days of violence, in which 24 people died.

2005.- It is held in Three songs (Madrid) the first gay wedding.

2006.- A wave of attacks on seven suburban trains in Bombay (India) causes 185 deaths and more than 700 injuries.

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2010.- The Spanish national football team is proclaimed champion of World Cup in South Africa by defeating Holland (1-0).

.- 76 people die in the attacks in two establishments Kampala (Uganda), when they watched the final of the Soccer World Cup.

2011.- The Spanish surgeon Pedro Cavadas performs in the La Fe Hospital in Valencia (eastern Spain) the first bilateral leg transplant in the world.

2015.- Second prison break from a Mexican prison by drug trafficker Joaquin ‘El Chapo’ Guzman.

2017.- Donald Trump Jr.son of US president, publishes emails revealing he sought Russian support to damage Trump campaign Hillary Clinton.

2021.- Cuba records the most serious citizen protests since the nineties encouraged by the economic and health situation that the country lives.


1920.- Yul BrynnerAmerican actor.

1934.- Giorgio ArmaniItalian designer and couturier.

1958.- Hugo SanchezMexican soccer player and coach.

1959.- Suzanne VegaAmerican singer.

1960.- Jafar PanahiIranian film director.

1963.- Manuel MarreroCuban Prime Minister.

1972.- Henrique CaprilesVenezuelan politician.

1979.- Eric Abidalformer French footballer


1937.- George GershwinAmerican composer.

1974.- By LagerkvistSwedish writer and Nobel Prize winner in 1951.

1976.- Greiff’s LionColombian poet.

1989.- Laurence OlivierBritish actor.

2003.- Maria Mercedes CarranzaColombian poet.

2007.- Alfonso Lopez Michelsenformer president of Colombia.

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2014.- Tommy Ramonemember and founder of the rock band Ramones.

2015.- Satoru IwataJapanese businessman and president of Nintendo.

2023.- Milan KunderaCzech writer.


Agencia EFE is a Spanish international news agency that distributes information to more than two thousand media outlets around the world in print, radio, television and online media. It has a network of more than three thousand journalists of 60 nationalities. It operates 24 hours a day from at least 180 cities in 110 countries.

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